Tongue cancer is described as a persistent lump of the red or white patch on the tongue that does not go away. Oral cancers are grouped together and are distinguished by their position in the mouth and on the tongue. Tongue cancer can be classified into two categories. If the cancer is present on the anterior part of the tongue, it is considered squamous cell cancer of the oral tongue. If it is found in the back third of the tongue, it is referred to as squamous cell cancer at the base of the tongue. Both of these tongue cancers have distinct characteristics, and their causes differ as well. Since the origins vary, the procedure differs as well.
There are plenty of causes that have been linked to a rise in risk. HPV, or human papillomavirus, is one of the most common causes. The base of the tongue is mostly affected by this form of cancer. Smoking, chewing tobacco, alcohol misuse, chewing betel leaf, a family history of cancer, poor oral hygiene, and an unhealthy diet are all risk factors. Tongue cancers are more frequent in men over the age of 50, according to research.