Newborn screening tests are conducted on babies that are a few days old. These tests help rule out the presence of metabolic, developmental, genetic, hormone or blood associated disorders, that are not apparent after the birth of the child.
Why are screening tests on newborns necessary?
- Screening panels can check for the existence of at least 26 disorders and some exhaustive panel tests can investigate the presence of close to 40 disorders .
- Healthcare providers also conduct tests to check for hearing loss in new-borns as well as advice screening for critical congenital heart disease (CCHD).
When is the newborn screening test conducted?
- The newborn screening test can be conducted only after the baby has received 24 hours of breast milk or formula.
- Doctors prefer if the initial screening tests are followed with a second blood examination when the baby is about 2 weeks old.