Juvenile macular degeneration is a congenital autosomal recessive eye condition that affects children and adolescents. Juvenile Macular Dystrophy is another name for it (JMD). It is caused by X-chromosome abnormalities in the majority of instances. The condition affects the macula, which is the core portion of the child’s retina. It mostly affects central vision and, to a lesser extent, color vision. When a child inherits only one dominant gene linked to the condition, it is referred to as dominant macular degeneration. When a child inherits the disease’s recessive gene from both parents, it is referred to as recessive.
Macular degeneration is caused by the premature demise of macular cells in some children. Tiny blood vessels expand into the macula in other situations. Macular degeneration is caused by the rupturing of these blood vessels, which results in scarring of the macula. Macular degeneration causes central vision loss in children, which can be partial or full.