What is Hypokalemia

Hypokalemia : Hypokalemia is a condition when there is a low level of potassium in the blood. A serum potassium level of less than 3.5 mEq/L is considered to be hypokalemic. The most common cause of hypokalemia is excessive potassium loss in urine due to prescription medications that increase urination, which is known as water pills or diuretics.

Other causes of potassium loss include:

  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Chronic kidney disease.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosis
  • Excessive laxative use.
  • Excessive sweating.
  • Folic acid deficiency.
  • Primary aldosteronism.
  • Antibiotic use.