What is Hematuria?

Hematuria is a disease in which there are so many red blood cells (RBC) in the urine, giving it a reddish-brown color. Hematuria is described as the occurrence of three or more RBCs per high power field (HPF) microscopic examination of two or three collected urine samples, according to the American Urological Association. The condition is a warning sign of serious urological dysfunctions. There are two subtypes of this disease: microscopic and macroscopic. According to excerpts from National Kidney Foundation reports, 4% of patients with Microscopic Hematuria and 40% of patients with Macroscopic Hematuria could develop malignancy at a later stage.