What Is Haemolytic Anaemia?

Anemia is defined as a condition in which there is a significant lack of red blood cells. The lack of red blood cells, on the other hand, deprives the body’s cells and tissues of oxygen. Without oxygen, the patient becomes weak and short of breath, and they get pale quickly.

The process of red blood cells breaking down and releasing their contents into the fluid medium (blood plasma) in which they are transported is known as hemolysis. Hemolysis can be caused by a variety of factors, including autoimmune activity and bacterial or parasite infections.

Hemolysis is divided into two types: intravascular and extravascular. Hemolysis that occurs within blood arteries is referred to as the former, while hemolysis that occurs in organs such as the spleen is referred to as the latter.

The term “hemolytic anemia” refers to a condition in which red blood cells are in insufficient quantity as a result of something causing them to break down or experience hemolysis in unusually large numbers. Hemolysis is a natural physiological process, as we’ve seen. The patient gets anemia if the generation of new RBCs in the bone marrow cannot keep up with the rate of hemolysis and fails to compensate properly. To put it another way, hemolytic anemia develops when the number of red blood cells in circulation is drastically reduced due to severe hemolysis. This can result in jaundice and other more serious consequences. In fact, hemolytic anemia can be fatal in extreme cases.