What is Fanconi anemia?

Fanconi anemia is a serious blood disorder that is characterized by the inability of the bone marrow to make enough new blood cells.
More than 50% of the people diagnosed with this disease get it before the age of 10.


The symptoms of Fanconi anemia are different from person to person. However, it is often characterized by a variety of physical abnormalities, which reveal themselves in early childhood. Some of the symptoms of Fanconi anemia are

  • Low birth weight
  • Gastrointestinal difficulties
  • Skin pigmentation
  • Small reproductive organs in males
  • Short stature
  • Kidney structural problems
  • Thumb and arm anomalies
  • Defects in tissues separating chambers of the heart
  • Small head
  • Small, crossed, or widely spaced eyes