What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by recurrent episodic seizures. Sensory disturbance generated by aberrant electrical discharge in a group of neurons causes this (brain cells). There are no active stimuli present when these seizures occur. Involuntary muscular movements, altered perceptions, and loss of consciousness are common symptoms.

Electrical discharge happens at abnormally fast rates from numerous neurons during a single seizure (more than 500 times per second). As a result, epilepsy is classified as a spectrum disorder, characterized by a series of successive seizures separated by at least 24 hours. During an epileptic fit, several areas of the brain (lobes) are affected. Epilepsy symptoms differ depending on the type of epilepsy.