- Cholesteatoma is an abnormal non-cancerous skin growth or skin cyst that develops behind the eardrum, in the middle section of the year.
- Recurring middle ear infections causes the dead skin to accumulate and damage the sensitive bones behind the ear.
Who are at risk of cholesteatoma?
- Men are more prone to cholesteatoma compared to women.
- Children with undiagnosed cholesteatoma are at risk of hearing loss by early adulthood. Late childhood or early adolescence is the appropriate time for surgery.
- People with recurrent ear infections causing fluid discharge are at risk of developing cholesteatoma.
- Foul-smelling fluid from the infected ear
- Enlarging cyst creates a sense of pressure causing discomfort
- Severe pain and swelling in the ear
- Hearing loss
- Vertigo, facial muscle paralysis occurs as the cyst grows unchecked
- Recurring ear infections