Anencephaly is a severe form of central nervous system illness characterized by a lack of development of the cranial vault and brain. It is defined by several study professionals as a condition in which a major amount of the brain, skull, and scalp are missing during embryonic development. In many situations, a serious neural tube defect is discovered between the 23rd and the 26th day after conception. This is a form of cephalic disease in which the neural tube’s rostral (head) end fails to shut entirely or partially.
When the phrase “Anencephaly,” a Greek word, is translated, it signifies that the internal section of the head, i.e. the brain, is completely absent. In actuality, these children generally lack the “telencephalon,” which is the brain’s major component. The cerebral lobes and the neocortex make up the main section of the brain, which regulates many cognitive activities. A very thin layer of membrane loosely covers the brain’s remaining structures. The skin, meninges, and bones are typically missing. Infants born with Anencephaly, with the exception of a few rare cases, do not live for more than a few hours or days.