Tonsil stones are caused by calcification of debris in the tonsils which further develops a bio-film or a layer of microbes feasting on this deposition.
Mostly caused by food particles getting lodged in the pits and fissures of the tonsil’s surface, tonsil stones may also be caused by deposition of mucus.
The presence of following factors may further increase the risk of developing this condition:
• Poor dental hygiene which triggers bacterial deposition.
• Having large tonsils which provide a bigger area for debris to collect and calcify.
• Repeated bouts of sinus infections which lead to wrinkled tonsils and more mucous deposition.
• Inflammation of tonsils which renders the tonsils more susceptible to bacterial infestation.
• Using post nasal drips which may cause the liquid to settle in the throat region.
• Smoking causes the mouth’s self-cleaning capacity to reduce which further creates grounds for bacterial growth.