What causes eating disorders?

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The contributing factors of eating disorders are as follows-

• Depression over a long period of time
• Loneliness
• Physical or emotional stress (trauma)
• Low self-esteem (food acts as a mood lifter for these people)
• An unusual emotional response in some people
• Imbalance in dopamine and serotonin levels
• Functional abnormalities of the Ventromedial nuclei (cause people to eat more)
• Malfunctioning of the Lateral Hypothalamus (cause people to eat less or not eat at all)
• Genetic defects (mutations in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene)
• Starvation for a long period of time
• Disruption of the internal body clock (affects dietary pattern)
• Anxiety or nervousness (food acts as a pacifier)
• A trend of eating disorders in the family