What are the clinical complications of Mumps?

Mumps infection may lead to a number of serious clinical complications. A list of such pathogens is given below.

  • Parotitis affects between 31% and 65% of Mumps patients. The parotid glands of the patients are bloated. One or more salivary glands can be affected.
  • Orchitis is a testicular infection that arises suddenly. It could lead to sterility over time. Orchitis sterility affects about 60-83 percent of males (CDC reports). Epididymo orchitis affects about a quarter of all post-pubertal males.
  • Oophoritis is a disease in which the ovary is inflamed. Oophoritis is a condition that affects 5% of post-pubertal patients.
  • Pancreatitis is a disease in which the pancreas becomes inflamed as a result of high blood sugar levels.
  • Meningitis: Cerebrospinal cell inflammation (Asymptomatic pleocytosis) develops in 50-60% of Mumps patients, along with fever, cough, and sore neck.
  • Deafness: According to the WHO, about one out of every 20,000 cases of Mumps infection results in lifelong deafness.
  • Encephalitis
  • Renal dysfunctions
  • Cardiovascular abnormalities