What are other alternatives for back pain due to bulged discs and arthritis?

When pain management doesn’t help, what are other alternatives for back pain due to bulged discs and arthritis?

I usually advise people that options are exercise, medications, injections, or other (non-traditional like acupuncture, tai chi, or even cognitive behavioral therapy). Most people will do well with exercises and medication if needed. Surgery is usually done for so-called radicular or sciatic pains that don’t get better with exercises, medications, or time. Injections may be considered for pain not relieved with time, exercise, or medication.