Type 1 diabetes can affect the major organs in your body. Keeping your blood sugar level close to normal most of the time can dramatically reduce the risk of many complications.
Complications can include:
- Heart and blood vessel disease. Diabetes increases your child’s risk of developing conditions such as narrowed blood vessels, high blood pressure, heart disease and stroke later in life.
- Nerve damage. Excess sugar can injure the walls of the tiny blood vessels that nourish your child’s nerves. This can cause tingling, numbness, burning or pain. Nerve damage usually happens gradually over a long period of time.
- Kidney damage. Diabetes can damage the numerous tiny blood vessel clusters that filter waste from your child’s blood.
- Eye damage. Diabetes can damage the blood vessels of the retina, which may lead to vision problems.
- Osteoporosis. Diabetes may lead to lower than normal bone mineral density, increasing your child’s risk of osteoporosis as an adult.