Stages and diagnosis of breast cancer


Breast cancer spreads through different stages which are described below:

  • Stage I: The tumor is restricted to the breasts and is not larger than 2 cm in diameter.
  • Stage II: Tumour size is about 5 cm and it spreads to the lymph nodes located below the arm.
  • Stage III: The tumors spread to the lymph nodes and the adjoining breast tissues.
  • Stage IV: In this stage, the tumor spreads to other organs such as lungs, liver or bones.

The following diagnostic tests are recommended for breast cancer patients:

  • Mammogram or breast X-ray ( to detect breast changes)
  • Breast ultrasound (to detect differences between solidified masses and fluid-filled cysts)
  • Breast MRI
  • Ductogram or Galactogram ( to analyze causes of abnormal nipple discharge)
  • Biopsy