Fanconi anemia is a severe blood condition caused by the bone marrow’s failure to produce sufficiently new blood cells. More than half of those who are afflicted with this condition are under the age of ten. People with birth defects like brachydactyly, skin pigmentation defects, microcephaly, microphthalmia, and defective kidney structures are more likely to develop this disorder.
A gradual loss of red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets is common in this disease. People who have this disease are also more likely to have bone marrow cancer. Fanconi anemia affects both men and women, and people of all racial backgrounds.